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          广东省人民政府首页  >  要闻动态  >  广东要闻

          吴敬琏谈“三去一降一补”:结构改革不够快不够实

          来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年04月23日 04:42:29
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          欢乐生肖注册【推荐】客服QQ【306619052】诚招代理,腾讯5,10分,欢乐生肖,最高返水100反9,最高赔率,正规信誉大平台,平台24h提供注册及登录。吴敬琏谈“三去一降一补”:结构改革不够快不够实

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          (原)(标)(题)(:吴)(敬)(琏)(谈)(“三)(去)(一)(降)(一)(补)(”:结)(构)(改)(革)(不)(够)(快)(不)(够)(实)(
          “中)(国)(经)(济)(50人)(论)(坛)(2017年)(年)(会)(”于)(2月)(15日)(在)(北)(京)(举)(行)(。会)(上)(,国)(务)(院)(发)(展)(研)(究)(中)(心)(研)(究)(员)(吴)(敬)(琏)(发)(言)(称)(,去)(年)(我)(们)(在)(“三)(去)(一)(降)(一)(补)(”实)(现)(这)(个)(目)(标)(上)(,取)(得)(一)(些)(进)(展)(。特)(别)(是)(在)(去)(产)(能)(,去)(库)(存)(和)(补)(短)(板)(上)(,成)(效)(比)(较)(明)(显)(。但)(是)(在)(“三)(去)(一)(降)(一)(补)(”的)(另)(外)(两)(个)(任)(务)(上)(,看)(起)(来)(成)(效)(不)(那)(么)(显)(著)(。
          吴)(敬)(琏)(认)(为)(,“三)(去)(一)(降)(一)(补)(”得)(失)(互)(见)(的)(主)(要)(原)(因)(在)(于)(结)(构)(性)(改)(革)(的)(推)(进)(不)(够)(快)(、不)(够)(实)(。使)(得)(市)(场)(不)(能)(够)(在)(资)(源)(配)(置)(中)(发)(挥)(决)(定)(性)(的)(作)(用)(,不)(能)(通)(过)(激)(励)(创)(新)(,奖)(优)(罚)(劣)(、优)(胜)(劣)(汰)(,达)(到)(优)(化)(经)(济)(结)(构)(的)(提)(升)(供)(给)(效)(率)(的)(目)(标)(,而)(只)(能)(主)(要)(依)(靠)(行)(政)(手)(段)(去)(实)(现)(“三)(去)(一)(降)(一)(补)(”。
          吴)(敬)(琏)(发)(言)(
          吴)(敬)(琏)(指)(出)(,在)(当)(前)(统)(一)(开)(放)(、竞)(争)(有)(序)(的)(市)(场)(体)(系)(还)(没)(有)(完)(全)(建)(立)(的)(情)(况)(下)(,在)(纠)(正)(资)(源)(错)(配)(,实)(现)(经)(济)(结)(构)(优)(化)(过)(程)(中)(,一)(定)(程)(度)(地)(运)(用)(行)(政)(手)(段)(和)(选)(择)(性)(产)(业)(政)(策)(可)(能)(是)(难)(以)(避)(免)(的)(。但)(是)(一)(定)(要)(清)(醒)(的)(认)(识)(到)(,由)(于)(行)(政)(机)(关)(并)(没)(有)(确)(定)(什)(么)(是)(最)(优)(经)(济)(结)(构)(的)(能)(力)(,用)(行)(政)(手)(段)(进)(行)(“去)(”和)(“补)(”的)(资)(源)(再)(配)(置)(具)(有)(很)(大)(的)(局)(限)(性)(,甚)(至)(有)(不)(小)(的)(副)(作)(用)(。
          以)(下)(为)(吴)(敬)(琏)(演)(讲)(实)(录)(:
          吴)(敬)(琏)(:第)(一)(点)(意)(见)(,回)(顾)(一)(下)(我)(们)(去)(年)(的)(工)(作)(。我)(们)(在)(去)(年)(推)(进)(供)(给)(侧)(结)(构)(性)(改)(革)(方)(面)(做)(了)(许)(多)(工)(作)(,这)(里)(我)(插)(一)(句)(,对)(于)(三)(去)(一)(降)(一)(补)(,有)(人)(把)(它)(说)(叫)(供)(给)(侧)(结)(构)(性)(改)(革)(的)(任)(务)(,另)(外)(一)(种)(说)(法)(,是)(供)(给)(侧)(结)(构)(性)(改)(革)(的)(目)(的)(。我)(是)(比)(较)(同)(意)(第)(二)(种)(说)(法)(的)(。
          从)(它)(要)(达)(到)(的)(目)(的)(来)(看)(,去)(年)(我)(们)(在)(三)(去)(一)(降)(一)(补)(实)(现)(这)(个)(目)(标)(上)(,取)(得)(一)(些)(进)(展)(。特)(别)(是)(在)(去)(产)(能)(,去)(库)(存)(和)(补)(短)(板)(上)(,成)(效)(比)(较)(明)(显)(。但)(是)(还)(有)(另)(外)(一)(个)(方)(面)(,从)(三)(去)(一)(降)(一)(补)(的)(另)(外)(两)(个)(任)(务)(上)(,看)(起)(来)(成)(效)(不)(那)(么)(显)(著)(,甚)(至)(有)(的)(情)(况)(比)(如)(去)(杠)(杆)(,这)(一)(项)(任)(务)(完)(不)(好)(,不)(但)(没)(有)(去)(,而)(且)(杠)(杆)(率)(有)(所)(提)(高)(。这)(样)(就)(使)(得)(像)(最)(近)(一)(次)(政)(协)(会)(议)(和)(中)(央)(经)(济)(工)(作)(会)(议)(所)(说)(的)(,这)(个)(系)(统)(性)(的)(风)(险)(在)(积)(累)(,部)(分)(地)(区)(困)(难)(增)(强)(,或)(者)(用)(经)(济)(工)(作)(会)(议)(公)(报)(说)(的)(话)(,叫)(做)(经)(济)(增)(长)(的)(内)(生)(动)(力)(不)(足)(,金)(融)(风)(险)(有)(所)(积)(累)(,部)(分)(地)(区)(困)(难)(增)(多)(。
          为)(什)(么)(会)(出)(现)(这)(种)(情)(况)(?第)(二)(点)(意)(见)(,我)(认)(为)(三)(去)(一)(降)(一)(补)(得)(失)(互)(见)(的)(主)(要)(原)(因)(在)(于)(结)(构)(性)(改)(革)(的)(推)(进)(不)(够)(快)(、不)(够)(实)(。我)(这)(里)(讲)(的)(结)(构)(性)(改)(革)(,我)(以)(前)(也)(说)(过)(多)(次)(,不)(是)(讲)(的)(结)(构)(调)(整)(,而)(是)(体)(制)(结)(构)(和)(政)(府)(监)(管)(框)(架)(结)(构)(的)(改)(革)(。因)(为)(结)(构)(性)(改)(革)(推)(进)(的)(不)(够)(快)(和)(不)(够)(实)(,就)(使)(得)(市)(场)(不)(能)(够)(在)(资)(源)(配)(置)(中)(发)(挥)(决)(定)(性)(的)(作)(用)(,不)(能)(通)(过)(激)(励)(创)(新)(,奖)(优)(罚)(劣)(、优)(胜)(劣)(汰)(,达)(到)(优)(化)(经)(济)(结)(构)(的)(提)(升)(供)(给)(效)(率)(的)(目)(标)(,而)(只)(能)(主)(要)(依)(靠)(行)(政)(手)(段)(去)(实)(现)(三)(去)(一)(降)(一)(补)(。
          第)(三)(点)(意)(见)(,在)(当)(前)(统)(一)(开)(放)(竞)(争)(有)(序)(的)(市)(场)(体)(系)(还)(没)(有)(完)(全)(建)(立)(的)(情)(况)(下)(,在)(纠)(正)(资)(源)(错)(配)(,实)(现)(经)(济)(结)(构)(优)(化)(过)(程)(中)(,一)(定)(程)(度)(地)(运)(用)(行)(政)(手)(段)(和)(选)(择)(性)(产)(业)(政)(策)(可)(能)(是)(难)(以)(避)(免)(的)(。但)(是)(一)(定)(要)(清)(醒)(的)(认)(识)(到)(,由)(于)(行)(政)(机)(关)(并)(没)(有)(确)(定)(什)(么)(是)(最)(优)(经)(济)(结)(构)(的)(能)(力)(,用)(行)(政)(手)(段)(进)(行)(“去)(”和)(“补)(”的)(资)(源)(再)(配)(置)(具)(有)(很)(大)(的)(局)(限)(性)(,甚)(至)(有)(不)(小)(的)(副)(作)(用)(。主)(要)(表)(现)(在)(两)(个)(方)(面)(,一)(个)(方)(面)(就)(是)(用)(行)(政)(指)(标)(要)(求)(“去)(”和)(“补)(”,他)(总)(有)(办)(法)(绕)(过)(这)(个)(行)(政)(命)(令)(。比)(如)(最)(近)(发)(表)(的)(关)(于)(钢)(铁)(业)(去)(年)(实)(际)(业)(绩)(的)(报)(告)(就)(告)(诉)(我)(们)(,去)(钢)(铁)(产)(能)(,不)(但)(产)(能)(没)(有)(降)(低)(,而)(且)(提)(高)(了)(。
          我)(们)(大)(概)(从)(2亿)(吨)(产)(能)(的)(时)(候)(就)(开)(始)(提)(去)(剩)(余)(产)(能)(,到)(现)(在)(11亿)(吨)(,越)(去)(越)(多)(。另)(外)(产)(量)(按)(照)(国)(务)(院)(的)(要)(求)(,五)(年)(实)(现)(压)(缩)(粗)(钢)(产)(能)(1.5亿)(吨)(,16年)(压)(缩)(指)(标)(4500万)(吨)(,但)(实)(际)(上)(钢)(铁)(产)(能)(是)(增)(加)(了)(,粗)(钢)(产)(量)(不)(降)(反)(增)(,2016年)(粗)(钢)(产)(量)(增)(加)(了)(1.2%。另)(外)(一)(个)(问)(题)(就)(是)(这)(种)(压)(缩)(产)(能)(和)(降)(低)(产)(量)(的)(过)(程)(中)(,往)(往)(不)(是)(优)(胜)(劣)(汰)(。要)(按)(照)(指)(标)(来)(压)(缩)(,它)(往)(往)(变)(成)(压)(缩)(的)(是)(有)(更)(高)(效)(率)(么)(的)(企)(业)(,而)(低)(效)(的)(企)(业)(并)(没)(有)(压)(缩)(,这)(种)(情)(况)(用)(行)(政)(指)(标)(是)(难)(以)(解)(决)(的)(。
          第)(四)(点)(意)(见)(,在)(这)(种)(情)(况)(下)(,出)(路)(就)(在)(于)(切)(实)(推)(进)(改)(革)(,使)(市)(场)(能)(够)(在)(稀)(缺)(资)(源)(的)(配)(置)(和)(再)(配)(置)(上)(起)(决)(定)(性)(作)(用)(。所)(以)(我)(赞)(成)(习)(近)(平)(总)(书)(记)(在)(2016年)(5月)(中)(央)(财)(经)(领)(导)(小)(组)(会)(议)(上)(作)(出)(的)(论)(断)(:“供)(给)(侧)(结)(构)(性)(改)(革)(的)(本)(质)(属)(性)(是)(深)(化)(改)(革)(,推)(进)(国)(有)(企)(业)(改)(革)(,加)(快)(政)(府)(职)(能)(转)(变)(。”在)(2016年)(年)(初)(举)(办)(的)(省)(部)(级)(主)(要)(领)(导)(干)(部)(五)(中)(全)(会)(决)(定)(的)(研)(讨)(班)(上)(,习)(总)(书)(记)(也)(是)(这)(样)(来)(阐)(述)(供)(给)(侧)(结)(构)(性)(改)(革)(本)(质)(的)(,他)(说)(供)(给)(侧)(结)(构)(性)(改)(革)(是)(用)(改)(革)(的)(办)(法)(推)(进)(结)(构)(调)(整)(,就)(是)(改)(革)(,建)(立)(十)(八)(届)(三)(中)(全)(会)(所)(要)(求)(的)(,四)(中)(全)(会)(所)(要)(求)(的)(体)(制)(,用)(这)(样)(一)(个)(体)(制)(去)(实)(现)(三)(去)(一)(降)(一)(补)(,这)(样)(就)(是)(一)(个)(有)(效)(率)(的)(调)(整)(。
          最)(后)(一)(点)(,在)(过)(去)(的)(一)(年)(里)(,中)(共)(中)(央)(和)(国)(务)(院)(在)(十)(八)(届)(三)(中)(全)(会)(制)(定)(的)(全)(面)(深)(化)(改)(革)(顶)(层)(设)(计)(、路)(线)(图)(和)(时)(间)(表)(的)(基)(础)(,发)(布)(了)(多)(方)(面)(改)(革)(的)(指)(导)(意)(见)(和)(实)(施)(方)(案)(。有)(关)(“四)(梁)(八)(柱)(”改)(革)(的)(文)(件)(大)(部)(分)(都)(齐)(备)(了)(,这)(些)(文)(件)(规)(定)(的)(改)(革)(方)(向)(明)(确)(,措)(施)(得)(当)(。问)(题)(是)(执)(行)(上)(,比)(较)(婉)(转)(的)(说)(,还)(不)(够)(得)(力)(。所)(以)(2017年)(要)(做)(的)(就)(是)(在)(执)(行)(上)(花)(更)(大)(的)(力)(气)(,使)(得)(这)(些)(决)(定)(、这)(些)(文)(件)(得)(到)(真)(正)(的)(落)(实)(,这)(就)(能)(够)(为)(我)(国)(的)(资)(源)(有)(效)(再)(配)(置)(和)(供)(给)(效)(率)(的)(提)(高)(提)(供)(一)(个)(坚)(实)(的)(制)(度)(基)(础)(。
          比)(如)(说)(去)(年)(中)(共)(中)(央)(和)(国)(务)(院)(发)(布)(的)(关)(于)(改)(善)(产)(权)(保)(护)(制)(度)(,依)(法)(保)(护)(产)(权)(的)(意)(见)(,这)(个)(文)(件)(,这)(个)(就)(是)(一)(个)(非)(常)(好)(的)(文)(件)(,而)(且)(他)(提)(出)(的)(一)(些)(方)(向)(、措)(施)(都)(切)(中)(实)(际)(,能)(够)(解)(决)(困)(扰)(我)(们)(多)(年)(的)(许)(多)(问)(题)(。
          比)(如)(说)(它)(提)(出)(了)(一)(个)(要)(平)(等)(保)(护)(,要)(改)(变)(过)(去)(那)(种)(分)(等)(级)(保)(护)(的)(状)(况)(,所)(以)(要)(求)(在)(立)(法)(上)(就)(要)(废)(止)(按)(照)(所)(有)(制)(不)(同)(类)(型)(制)(定)(的)(市)(场)(主)(体)(法)(律)(和)(行)(政)(法)(规)(,开)(展)(部)(门)(规)(章)(和)(规)(范)(性)(文)(件)(的)(专)(项)(清)(理)(。平)(等)(保)(护)(各)(类)(市)(场)(主)(体)(,加)(大)(对)(非)(公)(财)(产)(的)(刑)(法)(保)(护)(力)(度)(。这)(就)(涉)(及)(到)(立)(法)(部)(门)(的)(工)(作)(了)(。
          另)(外)(一)(个)(涉)(及)(到)(司)(法)(部)(门)(的)(工)(作)(,坚)(持)(有)(错)(必)(究)(,抓)(紧)(纠)(正)(一)(批)(社)(会)(反)(映)(强)(烈)(的)(产)(权)(纠)(纷)(申)(诉)(案)(件)(,对)(涉)(及)(重)(大)(财)(产)(处)(置)(的)(产)(权)(纠)(纷)(申)(诉)(案)(件)(,民)(营)(企)(业)(和)(投)(资)(人)(违)(法)(申)(诉)(案)(件)(,依)(法)(甄)(别)(,确)(实)(事)(实)(不)(清)(,证)(据)(不)(足)(,使)(用)(法)(律)(错)(误)(的)(错)(案)(冤)(案)(要)(依)(法)(予)(以)(纠)(正)(,并)(赔)(偿)(当)(事)(人)(的)(损)(失)(。一)(个)(很)(大)(的)(问)(题)(就)(是)(有)(些)(企)(业)(家)(缺)(乏)(信)(心)(,他)(造)(成)(了)(比)(如)(说)(外)(汇)(资)(本)(流)(失)(等)(等)(问)(题)(,实)(际)(上)(这)(是)(一)(个)(从)(根)(本)(上)(解)(决)(这)(个)(问)(题)(一)(个)(非)(常)(重)(要)(的)(举)(措)(。
          还)(有)(一)(个)(就)(是)(严)(格)(遵)(循)(法)(无)(溯)(及)(既)(往)(,罪)(行)(法)(定)(,在)(新)(旧)(法)(中)(,从)(旧)(兼)(从)(轻)(的)(原)(则)(,另)(外)(还)(要)(求)(,这)(跟)(我)(们)(宣)(传)(部)(门)(,意)(识)(形)(态)(部)(门)(可)(能)(有)(关)(,跟)(我)(们)(的)(传)(媒)(有)(关)(,大)(力)(宣)(传)(党)(和)(国)(家)(平)(等)(保)(护)(各)(种)(所)(有)(制)(经)(济)(产)(权)(的)(方)(针)(政)(策)(和)(法)(律)(法)(规)(,使)(平)(等)(保)(护)(、全)(面)(保)(护)(、依)(法)(保)(护)(观)(念)(深)(入)(人)(心)(,营)(造)(公)(平)(公)(正)(、透)(明)(稳)(定)(的)(法)(治)(环)(境)(。这)(样)(一)(个)(文)(件)(在)(执)(行)(上)(我)(们)(应)(该)(要)(花)(更)(大)(的)(力)(气)(,使)(它)(真)(正)(的)(落)(地)(。谢)(谢)(。返)(回)(搜)(狐)(,查)(看)(更)(多)(责)(任)(编)(辑)(:
          声)(明)(:该)(文)(观)(点)(仅)(代)(表)(作)(者)(本)(人)(,搜)(狐)(号)(系)(信)(息)(发)(布)(平)(台)(,搜)(狐)(仅)(提)(供)(信)(息)(存)(储)(空)(间)(服)(务)(。
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